Warning: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, function 'enqueue_benqu_style' not found or invalid function name in /home/dogcare/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-hook.php on line 324
Loyal Russian Mastiff Dog Breed: Unveiling the Unique Traits and Gentle Demeanor
Home Dog Breed The Imposing yet Loyal Russian Mastiff Dog Breed

The Imposing yet Loyal Russian Mastiff Dog Breed

by CareTips Dog
The Imposing yet Loyal Russian Mastiff Dog Breed

The Russian Mastiff dog breed is an ancient working dog originating from the Ural and Caucasus mountains of Russia. Their massive size and protective nature once made them valued guardians, but their gentle side endears them to their families. Read on to learn more about this fascinating giant breed!

Introduction The Russian Mastiff Dog Breed

The Russian Mastiff, also called the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, is an ancient Molosser breed that acted as livestock guardians and property protectors in the mountainous regions of Russia. They were recognized as a distinct breed in the early 20th century. Russian Mastiffs are independent and strong-willed, with a powerful urge to protect. Despite their imposing presence, they adore their families.

Adaptability: ⭐⭐

Adapts to Apartment: ⭐
Good for Novice Owners: ⭐
Sensitivity Level: ⭐⭐
Tolerates Being Alone: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
Tolerates Cold Weather: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Tolerates Hot Weather: ⭐⭐⭐

All Around Friendliness: ⭐⭐

Affectionate with Family: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
Kid Friendly: ⭐⭐⭐
Dog Friendly: ⭐⭐
Friendly Toward Strangers: ⭐

Health & Grooming Needs: ⭐⭐⭐

Amount of Shedding: ⭐⭐⭐
Drooling Potential: ⭐
Easy to Groom: ⭐⭐⭐
General Health: ⭐⭐⭐
Potential for Weight Gain: ⭐⭐⭐
Size: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Trainability: ⭐⭐

Easy to Train: ⭐⭐
Intelligence: ⭐⭐⭐
Potential for Mouthiness: ⭐⭐⭐
Prey Drive: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
Tendency to Bark or Howl: ⭐⭐⭐
Wanderlust Potential: ⭐⭐

Exercise Needs: ⭐⭐⭐

Energy Level: ⭐⭐⭐
Intensity: ⭐⭐
Exercise Needs: ⭐⭐⭐
Potential for Playfulness: ⭐⭐

  • Appearance: Massive, muscular build, broad head, folded ears, dense coat.
  • Characteristics: Protective, courageous, aloof with strangers, devoted to family.
  • Popularity: Uncommon outside Russia, numbers are gradually rising.
  • Temperament: Steady, calm, strong guarding instincts.
  • Lifespan: 10-12 years.
  • Coat: Dense double coat in solid and brindle colors. Thick mane around neck.
  • Origins: Ancient Molosser breed from the Ural and Caucasus mountains.

Caring for a Russian Mastiff Dog Breed

These big dogs have relatively simple care requirements:


  • High-quality commercial dog food formulated for large breeds.
  • 4-6 cups daily served in 2-3 meals. Avoid bloat.
  • Monitor weight as obesity can cause health issues.


  • Securely fenced yard is essential – their protection drive is strong.
  • Access to cool shade and fresh water. Vulnerable to heat stroke.
  • Soft dog bedding and chew toys. Their joints need support.


  • Thorough brushing 2-3 times weekly. Bathe rarely.
  • Trim nails every 2-3 weeks. Check ears and teeth regularly.
  • Clean facial folds to prevent infection.
  • Give them vigorous daily exercise and focused training. Proper socialization is vital.

Preparing for a Russian Mastiff

Follow these tips to prepare for bringing home a Russian Mastiff:

  • Puppy-proof your home by securing chemicals and removing fragile items from reach.
  • Stock up on leashes, collars, food bowls, bedding and grooming tools. Sturdy toys are a must.
  • Core supplies like crates, beds, collars, leashes and food are essential. Budget for training and veterinary costs.
  • Health issues seen include dysplasia, obesity, heart conditions. Purchase from reputable breeders who test.
  • Vaccines for rabies, parvo, adenovirus, distemper and leptospirosis should be given. Heartworm prevention in warm areas.

Naming Your Russian Mastiff

Choose a name reflecting their Russian roots and imposing presence:

  • Russian names like Boris, Sasha, Anastasia, Ivan or Natasha.
  • Names meaning protector or warrior like Baron, Caesar, Titan, Athena or Sheba.
  • Descriptive names like Tank, Brutus, Giant, Beast or Bear.

Finding a Russian Mastiff

Here’s what you need to know about finding a Russian Mastiff:

  • Most popular in Russia. Less common elsewhere but gaining support from fanciers.
  • Cost is $1000-2000 USD. Show and breeding quality dogs are most expensive.
  • Adoption is possible through regional Mastiff rescues. Selection will be limited.
  • Look for health clearances on hips, elbows, heart and eyes. Ensure temperament is stable.
  • Rescue groups to consider are Mastiff rescues like Big Dogs Huge Paws.

How to stop Russian mastiff dog from biting?

Redirect biting into positive chewing outlets, use deterrent sprays, and socialize them young to prevent biting.

How to do socialization and raise a friendly Russian mastiff dog?

Gradually introduce them to new sights, sounds, people in a calm and positive way starting as a puppy to raise a friendly dog.

How to train your Russian mastiff dog?

Use positive reinforcement training and firm, consistent leadership. Their intelligence allows them to excel at obedience when properly motivated.

How long should we check a Russian mastiff’s health with the vet?

Take them to the vet every 2-4 weeks as a puppy, then annually as an adult. Senior dogs need biannual vet checkups.

Are Russian mastiff dogs good family pets?

Yes, with proper socialization and training they can be great family companions, but require an experienced owner.

Are Russian mastiff dogs good with children?

When raised with children and properly socialized, most do very well with them. Always supervise interactions.

Are Russian mastiff dogs good with other animals?

They can be dog aggressive, but do well with cats/pets they’re raised with. Take caution when introducing new animals.

Is a Russian mastiff dog a smart dog?

Yes, they are very intelligent and can excel at obedience with proper motivation, but can be stubborn.

What is the temperament of a Russian mastiff dog?

Steady, courageous, and territorial. Aloof with strangers but affectionate and loyal to their family.

How many types of Russian mastiff dogs are there?

The Russian Mastiff is one breed with some variations in coat color and markings.

How many colors does the Russian mastiff dog come in?

Common colors include black, tan, gray, and brindle in solid or mixed patterns.

How long can a Russian mastiff dog live?

With proper care, their lifespan is 10-12 years.

Can Russian mastiff dogs cause allergies?

They do shed seasonally, producing dander that can cause allergies in sensitive individuals. Brushing helps reduce shedding.

Are Russian mastiff dogs ferocious?

They have strong protective instincts but are not inherently aggressive when properly socialized and trained.

Do Russian mastiff dogs have hair loss problems?

No, they do not have issues with excess hair loss as long as their nutritional and grooming needs are met.

By following our website, you can find the perfect dog breeds for you and provide them with the best possible dog care. Remember that owning a dog is a lifelong commitment that requires time, money, and patience. But it is also a rewarding experience that will bring you joy and companionship. All information in Dog care tips.

You may also like

Leave a Comment