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The Intelligent and Energetic Malinois Dog Breed - A Complete Guide
Home Dog Breed The Intelligent and Energetic Malinois Dog Breed – A Complete Guide

The Intelligent and Energetic Malinois Dog Breed – A Complete Guide

by CareTips Dog
The Intelligent and Energetic Malinois Dog Breed - A Complete Guide

The Malinois is an energetic, intelligent dog originally bred to herd livestock in Belgium. With a weather-resistant coat and compact build, these strong dogs also make exceptional police, military and search and rescue dogs. While demanding, they can be rewarding companions for experienced owners.

Introduction The Malinois Dog Breed

The Malinois originated in Malines, Belgium where it was bred to diligently move flocks of sheep. Recognized by the AKC in 1959, these alert herders have since proven themselves in K-9 policing and the military. Form close bonds but require extensive physical and mental exercise.

Adaptability: ⭐⭐

Apartment Living: ⭐
Novice Owners: ⭐
Sensitivity: ⭐⭐⭐
Alone Time: ⭐⭐
Cold Weather: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
Hot Weather: ⭐⭐⭐

All Around Friendliness: ⭐⭐

Family Affection: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
Kid Friendly: ⭐⭐
Dog Friendly: ⭐⭐
Stranger Friendly: ⭐⭐

Health & Grooming: ⭐⭐⭐

Shedding: ⭐⭐⭐
Drooling: ⭐
Grooming: ⭐⭐
Health Issues: ⭐⭐
Weight Gain: ⭐
Size: ⭐⭐⭐

Trainability: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Training: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Intelligence: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Mouthiness: ⭐⭐⭐
Prey Drive: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
Barking: ⭐⭐⭐
Wanderlust: ⭐⭐

Exercise Needs: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Energy Level: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Intensity: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Exercise Needs: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Playfulness: ⭐⭐⭐⭐

  • Appearance: Medium-sized, square build, erect ears. Fawn, mahogany or black coat.
  • Characteristics: Energetic, intelligent, protective and loyal.
  • Popularity: Gaining popularity for police, military, search/rescue work.
  • Temperament: Confident, responsive, bond closely with handler.
  • Lifespan: 14-16 years.
  • Coat color: Rich fawn to mahogany, with black overlay.
  • Origins: Purebred Belgian herding dog, not mixed.

Caring for a Malinois dog breed


  • High-protein, meat-based diet.
  • 3-4 cups of dry kibble daily.
  • Avoid overfeeding.


  • Active owners able to provide ample exercise.
  • Secure, fenced yard for activity.
  • Mentally stimulating toys and tasks.


  • Weekly brushing of short double coat.
  • Occasional bathing when needed.
  • Trim nails monthly.
  • Treat with firm, positive training methods. Provide structure and leadership.

Preparing for a Malinois

Dog-proof your home by securing chemicals and medicines.

Stock up on chew toys, puzzle games and grooming tools.

  • Essentials: leash, collar, ID tag, food/water bowls, crate, poop bags.
  • Common health issues: elbow/hip dysplasia, eye disorders.
  • Important vaccines: rabies, DHPP, leptospirosis, kennel cough.

Adopting/Buying a Malinois

  • Most popular in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Canada, USA.
  • Puppies average $1,500-$2,500 USD. Adoption fees typically $100-$400.
  • Adopt through breed-specific rescues like United Malinois Rescue.
  • When choosing a puppy, check health clearances and meet parents.
  • Visit potential dog and ask about medical history, behavior, training.

Naming Your Malinois

Pick an energetic name like Bolt, Rocket, Blaze, Rebel, or Ace.

Other ideas: Major, Scout, Bruno, Samson, Dakota, Rex.

How to stop a Malinois from biting?

Train “leave it” command. Redirect biting to chew toys. Praise when they lick instead.

How to socialize and train?

Start young with positive experiences around varied people, places and animals. Use reward-based training.

How long should a Malinois be exercised?

At least 2 hours of high-energy exercise like running, biking, fetch each day.

Are dogs good family dogs?

With proper leadership and training yes, but they’re better suited to active singles/couples.

Are dogs good with kids?

With training they can be, but young kids shouldn’t be left unsupervised around them.

Are dogs good with other pets?

When socialized early yes, though some same-sex aggression can occur. Use caution.

Are dogs smart?

Extremely. They’re in the top 10 brightest dogs and highly trainable.

Malinois temperament? x

Just one coat type – the short fawn/mahogany double-coat. No size variations.

How many types of Malinois are there?

Just one coat type – the short fawn/mahogany double-coat. No size variations.

Malinois coat colors?

Rich fawn to mahogany red, with black shading on the ears and face.

Malinois lifespan?

14-16 years.

Do Malinois cause allergies?

No, their coats shed an average amount and produce little dander.

Are dogs aggressive?

They can be with strangers if not socialized/trained properly. But are very loyal to their family.

Do Malinois have hair loss issues?

No, their short dense coat requires little maintenance and sheds minimally.

By following our website, you can find the perfect dog breeds for you and provide them with the best possible dog care. Remember that owning a dog is a lifelong commitment that requires time, money, and patience. But it is also a rewarding experience that will bring you joy and companionship. All information in Dog care tips.

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