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Alaskan Malamute Dog Breed: The Powerful Arctic Dogs
Home Dog Breed Alaskan Malamute Dog Breed: The Powerful Arctic Dogs

Alaskan Malamute Dog Breed: The Powerful Arctic Dogs

by CareTips Dog
Alaskan Malamute Dog Breed: The Powerful Arctic Dogs

The Alaskan Malamute is a large, powerful dog originally bred to haul heavy freight across frozen tundras. Today, they are beloved family companions who need consistent leadership and daily activity to thrive.

Introduction The Alaskan Malamute Dog Breed

Originally bred by an Inuit tribe called the Mahlemiut, the Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest sled dog breeds. They were prized by Arctic dwellers for their strength, endurance, and loyalty as sled and pack dogs. Their athleticism, intelligence, and striking appearance have made them popular worldwide.

Malamutes have high exercise needs and can be challenging for novice owners. They flourish with confident leadership, early socialization, and a job to do. Affectionate with their families, but often aloof with strangers, Need supervision around children due to their size.

Adaptability: ★★

Novice Owners:
Sensitivity: ★★
Alone Time:
Cold Weather: ★★★★★
Hot Weather:

Friendliness: ★★

Family: ★★★
Kids: ★★
Dogs: ★★


Bathing: ★★
Health: ★★
Weight Gain: ★★★★
Size: ★★★★

Trainability: ★★

Easy Training:
Intelligence: ★★★
Mouthiness: ★★
Prey Drive: ★★★
Wanderlust: ★★

Exercise Needs: ★★★★★

Energy Level: ★★★★★
Intensity: ★★★★★
Exercise: ★★★★★
Playfulness: ★★★


The Malamute is a large, powerful arctic dog breed weighing 75-100 pounds and standing 23-25 inches tall. They have a broad head, erect ears, and a plume-like tail. Their thick double coat comes in various colors including gray, sable, black, and red. Eyes are almond-shaped and brown.


Bred to work and live in harsh conditions, the Malamute is an intelligent, independent thinker. They are affectionate and loyal to their families but aloof with strangers. Energetic dogs that need a job and leadership from an experienced owner. Training should begin early and use positive reinforcement.


The Malamute ranks 58th among AKC recognized breeds. Their popularity spikes following dog sled racing events like the Iditarod. They are less common than small companion breeds but have an enthusiastic following.


Malamutes are gentle and affectionate with their own families, especially when raised with children. They tend to be aloof and wary of strangers unless properly socialized. With their own pack, they are playful, patient, and loving. Thrive when doing a job or activity alongside their owner.


12-15 years

Coat Color

Common colors include various shades of gray, black, sable, and red. Markings can be on the legs, belly, chest, face, and ears. No one color or pattern is preferred.

Original Breed

The Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest sled dog breeds, originating with the Mahlemiut Inuit tribe of Alaska. They are not a cross between breeds but an ancient Arctic breed.

Caring for a Malamute


Malamutes have high calorie needs. Choose a commercial dog food formulated for large, active breeds. To avoid bloat, divide daily portion into 2-3 smaller meals rather than one large one. Provide plenty of clean, fresh water.


Malamutes prefer cold climates. Access to a securely fenced yard is ideal, but daily leashed walks are a must. When indoors, provide safe chew toys to relieve boredom and deter chewing furniture. Crates help reinforce housetraining.


In addition to adequate exercise, Malamutes need a job to do alongside their owner. Activities can include weight pulling, backpack hikes, agility training, or advanced obedience work. Training should begin early using positive reinforcement like food rewards and praise. Early and ongoing socialization is key as well. Without proper leadership and activity, often become destructive.


The Malamute has a dense double coat that sheds heavily in spring and fall. Daily brushing helps remove loose hair. Bathe only when necessary using a dog shampoo. Check and trim nails monthly, clean ears after outdoor adventures, and brush teeth frequently.

Preparing for a Malamute

  • Puppy proof your home by securing garbage and dangerous items.
  • Stock up on robust chew toys to save your belongings.
  • Locate a vet, trainer, groomer, and boarding facility.
  • Buy food bowls, leash, collar, brush, shampoo, nail clippers, and dog bed.
  • Fence in your yard or identify nearby hiking trails.
  • Essential Equipment:
  • Sturdy leash and properly fitted collar
  • Food and water bowls
  • Interactive dog toys
  • Slicker brush and undercoat rake
  • Dog backback or cart for hikes
  • Crate for housetraining

Health Issues

Hip dysplasia, eye problems, hypothyroidism, chondrodysplasia. Reputable breeders health screen parent dogs. Adopted Malamutes may have unknown genetic conditions.


Core vaccines including parvo, adenovirus, distemper, and rabies. Leptospirosis vaccine. Bordetella for kennel cough protection. Ask your vet about lifestyle factors to determine other needed vaccines.


Choose a distinct two syllable name for training purposes. Some common names are Yukon, Aspen, Denali, Glacier, Luna.

Buying/Adopting a Malamute

Malamutes are most popular in colder climates like the northern U.S. Adopt from local rescues or shelters for around $50-$150 adoption fee. Purchase from a responsible breeder for $1200-$1500.

When adopting, review medical history. Confirm health clearance from a vet. Sign an adoption contract. Meet the dog and ask about temperament.

Buying a Puppy

Find a breeder doing health testing on parent dogs. Visit facilities in-person. See puppies interacting in a clean area. Get copies of health clearances. Secure sales contract.

In summary, a striking, energetic breed that thrives when exercised and trained consistently by a confident owner able to provide structure, activity, and companionship.

How to stop Malamute bitting?

Ignore attention-seeking bites. Redirect to chew toys. Use correction words like “no bite.”

How to do Socialisation and Raising Friendly for Malamute?

Start introducing new people, dogs, places, and sounds at 7-8 weeks old. Use food rewards and praise to teach good manners around strangers. Sign up for training classes.

How to train your Malamute?

Motivate with treats and praise. Can be stubborn so training takes patience and consistency. Crate training assists with housetraining.

How long should we check for Malamute’s health with vet?

First vet visit after adoption or purchase for exam. Follow vet advice on vaccines and annual checkups. Wellness exams yearly.

Are Malamute good family pets?

With proper training and socialization from a young age. Supervise with small children due to size.

Are Malamute dogs good with children?

Can be if raised with children and taught good manners. Their large size warrants supervision around toddlers. Proper handling is key.

Are Malamute dogs good with other animals?

Can coexist with other dogs and pets when appropriately socialized and introduced. Prey drive makes caution with small pets advised.

Is a Malamute a Smart?

Yes, Highly intelligent and trainable, but also independent minded. They need an experienced dog owner able to provide leadership.

By following our website, you can find the perfect dog breeds for you and provide them with the best possible dog care. Remember that owning a dog is a lifelong commitment that requires time, money, and patience. But it is also a rewarding experience that will bring you joy and companionship. All information in Dog care tips.

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