Are you training your dog in the best way possible? The fact that you are training your dog at all means you’re doing something right. Don’t let minor mishaps get in the way. Though they may seem insignificant, you may be surprised to learn that certain factors can slow down your dog’s progress.
Here are the most common mistakes people make during dog training. Are you guilty of any of these dog training mistakes? Ideally, you will always be training your pet, even as he ages. Don’t wait until he gets older and develops bad habits. Dog training is not the same as behavior management. In dog training, the goal is to shape your dog’s behavior and teach your dog how to respond to specific phrases.
Young puppies might not be ready to learn advanced actions, but you should begin to work on house training and basic commands. Over time, you will forge a deeper bond with your dog. He will mature and grow accustomed to the routine of training sessions. Then, you can try fun things like dog tricks and advanced training, like agility or animal-assisted therapy.
01. Not Training Enough
Training is not something you do one time and you’re done. You will get the best results if you train your dog regularly, even once he has mastered and action or cue. Pick one thing to work on at a time and hold short, productive training sessions at least two to three times per week. Find fun new things to teach your canine, but occasionally revisit the old basics.
Your dog is never truly finished training.
02. Waiting Too Long to Start Training
Training should begin the moment your dog comes home with you, no matter his age. Ongoing training can help keep your dog’s skills sharp. Also, teaching sessions are fun for your dog and a great way for the two of you to bond.
03. Taking a “One-Size-Fits-All” Approach
Don’t read just one book on dog training and decide that’s all you need to know. The same goes for talking to a friend you have who knows about dogs. There are plenty of successful dog training styles and programs out there, but no two dogs are exactly alike. Sometimes you need to take advice from several sources and use all the information to develop your own training program.
Try out a few different things with your dog and see what works. You might even want to try a few different training classes. Combine different training styles to customize a plan that fits you and your dog. Don’t give up too fast, but also don’t be afraid to change things up if something isn’t working.
Consistent responses are essential to dog training on every level. When you are inconsistent in training, you confuse your pet. You may also find yourself accidentally reinforcing undesired behaviors.
Let’s say you make a rule that your dog is not allowed on the couch. Soon, you find yourself making the occasional exception and letting him up there for one reason or another. If you turn around and get mad at him for being on the couch, he won’t understand why it’s allowed one moment and not the next. Try not to get stressed out or frustrated because your dog isn’t catching on to something. If your dog never gets food from people who are eating, he will not develop the habit of begging. He might try it a few times at first, but consistently ignoring your dog or saying “go to your place” will discourage begging. However, if someone gives him a bit of meals, he will associate begging with a reward and he’ll keep begging in the future.
Another example of inconsistency is rewarding your pet when he “sort of” does something. If you are training your dog to lie down, you reward him when his whole body is on the ground. In the future, in the event that you give him an incentive for “lie down” BEFORE can be whole body is on the ground, you are being inconsistent. The next time you say “lie down,” he may become confused and give you the incomplete version again.
Dog training takes time, and each dog learns at a different pace.
Begging is another example of this mistake. This will only make things worse because your dog will likely become stressed out or frustrated.
If your dog is struggling to learn something, consider whether or not this is a good time to train. Has the session gone on for too long? Remember to keep dog training sessions short (about 10 to quarter-hour) and end on a positive note. Or, you may try breaking down the behavior into smaller parts and train each one separately. The action/cue “roll over” is often trained in steps for this very reason.
The next time you find yourself feeling impatient, check the time. If it has been long enough (or if your pet seems frustrated or disinterested), simply wrap things up with an easy action you know your dog can complete. Be sure to end on a positive note, even if it means going back to the sit cue. Later, you can try breaking up the training into smaller parts.
Here’s another example of impatience: You ask your dog to sit and he doesn’t. So, you keep saying the word “sit” and he finally sits after 3 to 5 times of saying sit. Then, you reward him with a treat. Basically, you are teaching him that the command was merely a suggestion and he can wait to sit until you say it 5 moments. Instead, consistently say the command once and wait for the result. If your pet does not comply the first, you should wait several seconds and start from the beginning (getting his attention first).
06. Harsh Discipline
Most modern dog trainers agree that using punishment in dog training isn’t very effective. In general, dogs are more likely to perform for rewards via positive dog training. The use of mild aversive (like the spray bottle or a penny can) can be helpful in some situations and do not tend to cause harm. However, other things can create a dangerous situation. Harsh discipline involves actions such as yelling, hitting, alpha rolls, staring down, grabbing the scruff of the neck, and leash jerking. These actions can have consequences.
- They may provoke an aggressive reaction from your dog, putting you or other people in danger.
- They may cause your dog to become fearful.
- They may result in physical harm to your dog.
If you think harsh discipline is necessary so you can “assert dominance” over your dog, then you are going about this all wrong. The notion of humans as a “pack leader” is outdated and stems from inaccurate research about dogs and wolves. Take the time to do your research and learn how to truly earn your dog’s respect. The training process should be a fun way to bond with your dog, not a bullying session.
07. Getting the Timing Wrong
Your dog won’t know he has done something right unless you tell him in a way he can understand. Here’s where positive reinforcement and timing comes in. Many trainers suggest using a clicker or a short word (like “yes”) to mark desired behaviors. Then, immediately follow up with a reward to be sure it’s associated with the clicker or word. Make sure this all happens very quickly (within a second or two). If the incentive comes a few seconds too late, your dog may associate the award with another action. Positive reinforcement is especially important during early training when you are trying to get your dog to connect actions to cue words.
The same thing goes when it comes to correcting your dog’s undesired behaviors. If you choose to use aversive (which should be mild and kept to a minimum or avoided altogether), make sure you introduce the aversive immediately as the action is taking place. If your dog is peeing in the house and you don’t catch him until he is done, then there is nothing you can do. Any punishment after the fact will be associated with something else (NOT the action of peeing in the house). Your dog may learn to be afraid when there is pee on the floor, but he won’t actually learn not to perform the action unless you catch him in the act.
08. Reinforcing the Wrong Behavior
One of the most common mistakes made in dog training is to accidentally reinforce undesired behaviors. You may not even think of it as rewarding or reinforcement. Examples include comforting your pet when he’s frightened, letting him in the house right away when he barks, or also giving him a stern talking-to when he misbehaves.
Our dogs are social creatures who seek our attention. Giving attention of any kind can tell your dog that his current behavior is good and should continue. To many dogs, even negative attention is better than none at all. If your dog is doing something undesirable, like jumping up on you, whining, or begging, the best thing you can do would be to deny attention until the behavior stops.
Note: If the undesired behavior is self-rewarding, such as chewing furniture or getting into the trash, ignoring your dog is not the best idea. Instead, redirect your canine’s attention to a healthy activity that rewards, such as playing with a toy or going through training exercise.
09. Calling Your Dog to You for Something Unpleasant
Would you want to go to a person if you knew you were going to get in trouble, be yelled at, or have some other bad things happen? Of course, you wouldn’t, and neither would your dog. Every time you call your dog to you in order to do something unpleasant, you are essentially punishing him for returning to you. Eventually, it will discourage your dog from coming when called. Having a strong recall is one of the most important things you can teach your dog. Don’t ruin it with this mistake.
If you have to do something your dog won’t like (such as a bath or a nail trim), simply go and get him instead of calling him. If you are angry about something, try to calm yourself down before issuing any kind of command/cue to your dog. Remember that your dog will learn nothing from being punished or yelled at after the undesirable behavior has already occurred.
10. Failing to Proof Behaviors
Proofing a behavior means to practice it in different settings with various distractions. So many people forget about this essential part of the dog training process. Once your dog has learned to sit in your living room, all he knows is that sit means “put my bottom on the ground in the living room.” When you are in the yard or at the park and other dogs are around, the word sit might mean little or nothing to him. Some dogs are better at generalizing than others. Most take training very literally.
When you start training an action, begin in a quiet, controlled setting. Then, move to different locations with each session, gradually increasing the number of distractions. This will really help fine-tune your dog’s reactions to your cues.