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Collie Dog Breed: The Iconic & Devoted Herding Dog
Home Dog Breed Collie Dog Breed: The Iconic & Devoted Herding Dog

Collie Dog Breed: The Iconic & Devoted Herding Dog

by CareTips Dog
Collie Dog Breed: The Iconic & Devoted Herding Dog

With their distinctive long coats and alert nature, Collies are immediately recognizable dogs made famous by TV and books. But behind their striking good looks lies an active, bright herd dog requiring proper care and handling.

Introduction Collie Dog Breed

Hailing from Scotland and Britain, the Collie was originally bred to gather and drive livestock. Their intelligence and trainability led them to dominate the emerging dog show scene by the late 1800s. Remain talented herding and performance dogs, but also make for devoted family companions.

While sensitive and eager to please, can be challenging for novice owners. They need substantial daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent problem behaviors. Extensive socialization is also required to nurture their best traits. When provided proper leadership and activity levels though, thrive as versatile companions.

Adaptability: ★★★

Apartment Living: ★★
Novice Owners: ★★
Sensitivity: ★★★
Alone Time: ★★
Cold Weather: ★★★★
Hot Weather: ★★

Friendliness: ★★★

Family: ★★★★
Kids: ★★★★
Dogs: ★★★
Strangers: ★★


Bathing: ★★★
Health: ★★★
Weight Gain: ★★★
Size: ★★

Trainability: ★★★

Easy Training: ★★★
Intelligence: ★★★★
Mouthiness: ★★
Prey Drive: ★★★
Barking: ★★
Wanderlust: ★★

Exercise Needs: ★★★★

Energy Level: ★★★★
Intensity: ★★★
Exercise: ★★★★
Playfulness: ★★★


The Collie is a medium-large breed standing 22-26 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing 50-75 pounds. They have an elegant yet athletic build covered by a distinctive long double coat with lush frill around the neck. Coat colors include sable/white, tricolor, blue merle, and white. They have a sweet, intelligent expression.


Bred for responsiveness, extremely sensitive dogs that shut down without positive reinforcement. They thrive on praise. Fast learners but get bored easily. Ongoing training and exercise is key. They can be reserved with strangers unless extensively socialized.

Collies are vocal herding dogs, so expect some barking. They should not be left alone for long periods as they are prone to separation anxiety. With proper leadership and activity though, exceptionally devoted companions.


A mainstay of the American Kennel Club, rank #38 out of 197 breeds. Pop culture like the Lassie movie and novel boosted their popularity worldwide. They remain more common than most herding breeds.


When raised with children, Collies are playful, protective, and patient. However, their herding instinct makes them prone to nipping during play so supervision is a must. Tend to be polite with strangers but aloof unless socialized properly from puppyhood. This breed flourishes in households where they get frequent human interaction.


10-14 years

Coat Colors

Common colors are sable/white, tricolor (black, tan, white), blue merle, and white. No preference is given to any shade or pattern according to breed standards.

Original Breed

The Collie originated in Scotland and Britain as a pastoral herding dog and is not a mix of other breeds. Rough and smooth coat varieties exist.

Caring for a Collie


High quality commercial food formulated for active medium-large dogs. 1-2 cups divided into 2 meals. Collies are prone to weight gain so avoid overfeeding.


This active herder needs 60+ minutes of vigorous exercise daily such as running, hiking, agility training, or herding work. A large, secure yard is ideal. Brisk leashed walks are a minimum requirement.


Intelligence paired with high sensitivity requires positive reinforcement training methods. Use praise, rewards, and engaging activities. Leash training assists with teaching not to pull. Socialization is lifelong.


The Collie has a lavish double coat needing weekly brushing and combing. Check and trim nails monthly. Clean ears and teeth routinely. Bathe every 4-6 weeks as needed with dog shampoo.


Collies adapt well to any home or climate as long as they get adequate daily activity. A fenced yard provides space to run safely off-leash. They should live indoors with their family.

Preparing for a Collie

  • Stock up on grooming tools
  • Puppy-proof your home
  • Locate training classes
  • Install secure fencing
  • Have an extra-large crate ready
  • Buy chew deterrents

Health Issues

Eye diseases, bloat, joint dysplasia, certain cancers and autoimmune diseases. Responsible breeders do health screening.


Typical core vaccines plus rabies vaccine and influenza vaccine may be recommended. Optional vaccines depend on geographic location and lifestyle.


Good names are Scout, Piper, Luna, Sadie, Lady, Maggie, Cooper. Choose an upbeat two syllable name that is easy to say and remember.

Finding a Collie

Contact the Collie Club of America for reputable breeder referrals. Expect to pay $800 to $1500+ for a quality Collie puppy. Many Collie rescues also exist to adopt an adult.

When adopting, ask about medical history and past homes. Get proof of vet exam. Sign an adoption contract.

Buying a Puppy

Purchase only from breeders doing health testing on all parent dogs. Visit facilities in-person. Meet puppies and parents. Get copies of health clearances. Secure a contract.

In summary, the bright and devoted thrives when provided the leadership, activity, and attention they need. With their classic good looks and versatility, make exceptional family companions and working dogs for the right owners.

How to stop Collies bitting?

Use redirection, reverse timeouts, “no bite” command, and encourage gentle play. Provide plenty of chew toys. Ignore attention seeking nips.

How to do Socialisation and Raising Friendly for Collies?

Start early introducing new sights, sounds, people positively. Arrange regular play dates with vaccinated puppies. Attend training classes. Supervise closely with children.

How to train your Collies?

Motivate with praise, rewards, and engaging activities. Remain positive but firm and consistent. Very sensitive to corrections.

How long should we check for Collies’s health with vet?

After adoption or purchase, schedule a vet exam. Follow your veterinarian’s advice for boosters and annual wellness checks.

Are Collies good family pets?

Yes, when properly socialized starting young. Affectionate and playful with children they’re raised with. Need supervision due to herding tendency.

Are Collies dogs good with children?

Excellent when socialized early on with children. Always supervise play due to chance of nipping while herding. Proper handling is key.

Are Collies dogs good with other animals?

Can coexist fine with other dogs and pets when appropriately introduced and trained. Prey drive makes caution with small pets recommended.

Is a Collies a Smart?

Extremely. One of the most intelligent, sensitive breeds. They excel at training and dog sports when handled positively.

By following our website, you can find the perfect dog breeds for you and provide them with the best possible dog care. Remember that owning a dog is a lifelong commitment that requires time, money, and patience. But it is also a rewarding experience that will bring you joy and companionship. All information in Dog care tips.

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